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Much discussion of Pakistan's devastating, climate-linked flooding at COP27 focused on the issue of loss and damage. While an important conversation, equally critical is asking how any forthcoming funds could best be used to limit the future suffering of Pakistan's people while assessing Pakistan’s relief and recovery efforts during this year’s floods. These are questions with deep political and economic implications that complicate the adoption of off-the-shelf solutions and merit deeper exploration.

An additional question to note is how the government navigated previous flooding episodes and the success of plans that were put into place in the past to deal with loss and damage. There is a clear need for better foresight as Pakistan looks to plan for climate disasters by way of dedicated funding support for EWS, awareness, and capacity-building.

Finally, it is worth drawing attention to the impact of floods/climate disasters on gender: health, economic, security, displacement, and other repercussions on women, young girls, and other marginalized groups. All these questions and more will be addressed in this panel.

Join us for a panel discussion with Farwa Aamer, Madiha Afzal, and Elizabeth Threlkeld.


Farwa Aamer is a Research Analyst with the Stimson Center’s Energy, Water, & Sustainability program. Her research focuses primarily on the security and political dimensions of transboundary river water governance in the Himalayan region. Farwa periodically organizes and convenes several Track II dialogues and discussions designed to facilitate greater inter-and intra-regional cooperation on issues around water security and hydrodiplomacy in South Asia, Central Asia and the Euphrates-Tigris river basin.

Madiha Afzal is a fellow in the Foreign Policy program at Brookings. She was previously the David M. Rubenstein Fellow in the Foreign Policy program. Her work focuses on the U.S.-Pakistan relationship, U.S. policy toward Afghanistan, Pakistan’s politics and policy, and extremism in South Asia and beyond. She previously worked as an assistant professor of public policy at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Elizabeth Threlkeld is a Senior Fellow and Director of the South Asia Program at the Stimson Center. Before joining Stimson, she served as a Foreign Service Officer with the U.S. Department of State in Islamabad and Peshawar, Pakistan, and Monterrey, Mexico. Threlkeld previously worked in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq, where she managed development interventions on gender-based violence and ethno-sectarian reconciliation. She has additional work and educational experience in China, Taiwan, and Turkey, and began her career with the Asia-Pacific Security Program at the Center for a New American Security.


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