Is Democracy in Decline?
During the period of the “third wave” of global democratization, which began in 1975, democracy has expanded to become the dominant form of government in the world. By the turn of this century, roughly three in every five states were democratic, and there was a critical mass of democracies in every region of the world except the Middle East. However, since 2006, the world has been in a mild democratic recession. Democracy has ceased its expansion, the rate of democratic breakdowns has accelerated, freedom has been receding, and increasingly, it seems to be the autocracies of the world, not the democracies, that exhibit energy, self-confidence, and a will to expand their ranks. This is leading a growing number of analysts and scholars to ask the question, “Is democracy now declining in the world?” This lecture will review the empirical trends of recent years and decades, assess the sources of democratic distress, and suggest strategies for reversing the global recession of democracy.
About the Speaker
Larry Diamond is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, where he directs the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. Diamond also serves as the Peter E. Haas Faculty Co-Director of the Haas Center for Public Service at Stanford. He is the founding co-editor of the Journal of Democracy and also serves as Senior Consultant (and previously was co-director) at the International Forum for Democratic Studies of the National Endowment for Democracy. During 2002-3, he served as a consultant to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and was a contributing author of its report Foreign Aid in the National Interest. He has also advised and lectured to the World Bank, the United Nations, the State Department, and other governmental and nongovernmental agencies dealing with governance and development. His latest book, The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World (Times Books, 2008), explores the sources of global democratic progress and stress and the prospects for future democratic expansion.
At Stanford University, Diamond is also professor by courtesy of political science and sociology. He teaches courses on comparative democratic development, democracy promotion, and US foreign policy, and advises many Stanford students. In May 2007, he was named “Teacher of the Year” by the Associated Students of Stanford University for teaching that “transcends political and ideological barriers.” At the June 2007 Commencement ceremony, Diamond was honored by Stanford University with the Dinkelspiel Award for Distinctive Contributions to Undergraduate Education. He was cited, inter alia, for fostering dialogue between Jewish and Muslim students; for “his inspired teaching and commitment to undergraduate education; for the example he sets as a scholar and public intellectual, sharing his passion for democratization, peaceful transitions, and the idea that each of us can contribute to making the world a better place; and for helping make Stanford an ideal place for undergraduates.” In January 2014 he received the Richard W. Lyman Award for service to the Stanford Alumni Association.
For more information about the speaker, please visit http://summer.stanford.edu/event/intensive-speaker-series-international-management.
Free and open to public.