Neuronal ensembles: emergent units of cortical function? - Rafael Yuste

Thursday, March 21, 2019

12:00 pm

Clark Center Auditorium Map

Sponsored by:
Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute

Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute Seminar Series Presents

Neuronal ensembles: emergent units of cortical function?

Rafael Yuste, MD, PhD

Co-Director, Kavli Institute for Brain Science

Professor of Biological Sciences and Neuroscience 

Columbia University

Host: Liqun Luo

Abstract

The design of neural circuits, with large numbers of neurons interconnected in vast networks, strongly suggest that they are specifically build to generate emergent functional properties (1). To explore this hypothesis, we have developed two-photon holographic methods to selective image and manipulate the activity of neuronal populations in 3D in vivo (2). Using them we find that groups of synchronous neurons (neuronal ensembles) dominate the evoked and spontaneous activity of mouse primary visual cortex (3). Ensembles can be optogenetically imprinted for several days and some of their neurons trigger the entire ensemble (4). By activating these pattern completion cells in ensembles involved in visual discrimination paradigms, we can bi-directionally alter behavioral choices (5).  Our results are consistent with the possibility that neuronal ensembles are functional building blocks of cortical circuits.

1. R. Yuste, From the neuron doctrine to neural networks. Nat Rev Neurosci 16, 487-497 (2015).

2. L. Carrillo-Reid, W. Yang, J. E. Kang Miller, D. S. Peterka, R. Yuste, Imaging and Optically Manipulating Neuronal Ensembles. Annu Rev Biophys,  46: 271-293 (2017).

3. J. E. Miller, I. Ayzenshtat, L. Carrillo-Reid, R. Yuste, Visual stimuli recruit intrinsically generated cortical ensembles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111, E4053-4061 (2014).

4. L. Carrillo-Reid, W. Yang, Y. Bando, D. S. Peterka, R. Yuste, Imprinting and recalling cortical ensembles. Science 353, 691-694 (2016).

5. L. Carrillo-Reid, S. Han, W. Yang, A. Akrouh, R. Yuste, Triggering visually-guided behavior by holographic activation of pattern completion neurons in cortical ensembles. bioRxiv 394999; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/394999 (2018).

When:
Thursday, March 21, 2019
12:00 pm – 1:00 pm
Where:
Clark Center Auditorium Map
Tags:

Lecture / Reading Engineering Humanities Science 

Audience:
Faculty/Staff, Students
Contact:
650-723-3573, neuroscience@stanford.edu
More info:
Visit this website