Soon after South Korea identified its first positive COVID-19 case on January 21st, the number of infections surged in February. South Korea rapidly rolled out mass-testing, tracking of positive cases, and treatment of all patients, and has become the first major country outside of China to flatten the curve. South Korea has been able to achieve this without the drastic shut-down measures adopted by the US and many countries in the EU. The possibility of another wave of COVID-19 infection still remains, but South Korea’s public health response to COVID-19 has widely been considered successful. In this panel, we invite two distinguished speakers to discuss the public health responses pursued by South Korea, why it was successful, whether those measures could be applicable to other countries, and the challenges that still lie ahead.